Ρομποτική Χειρουργική

Ρομποτική-χειρουργικήΡομποτική χειρουργική, ονομάζεται οποιαδήποτε επέμβαση γίνεται με τη χρήση ρομπότ και χωρίς την άμεση παρέμβαση του χειρουργού, στο σώμα του ασθενούς.

Ο χειρουργός βρίσκεται σε ειδικά διαμορφωμένο χώρο, μπροστά στην οθόνη ενός εξελιγμένου ηλεκτρονικού υπολογιστή, ο οποίος του δίνει τη δυνατότητα να χειρίζεται με απόλυτη ακρίβεια και με την βοήθεια μοχλών, τις κινήσεις του ρομπότ. Ο υπολογιστής του επιτρέπει να έχει λεπτομερή εικόνα, μέσα από μικροκάμερες, οι οποίες βρίσκονται στους βραχίονες του ρομπότ. Η εικόνα μάλιστα, είναι μεγεθυμένη και τρισδιάστατη, δίνοντας έτσι στο χειρουργό, την δυνατότητα μεγαλύτερης ακρίβειας σε δύσκολες επεμβάσεις.

Η ρομποτική χειρουργική, προϋποθέτει συγκεκριμένη εκπαίδευση, προκειμένου ο χειρουργός να μπορεί να χειριστεί το ρομποτικό σύστημα.

Η ρομποτική χειρουργική είναι η επανάσταση στην ιατρική. Μια εξέλιξη η οποία υπόσχεται διαφορετικά πράγματα, από όσα μέχρι σήμερα γνώριζε κανείς. Τα πλεονεκτήματα της ρομποτικής χειρουργικής είναι τα εξής:

  • Μικρότερη απώλεια αίματος και λιγότερο πόνο.
  • Οι επιπλοκές μετά το πέρας της επέμβασης, μειώνονται στο ελάχιστο.
  • Οι βραχίονες του ρομπότ, αντικαθιστώντας τα χέρια του χειρουργού, δίνουν ακόμα περισσότερη σταθερότητα σε λεπτές χειρουργικές επεμβάσεις.

Η μεγεθυμένη εικόνα στην κονσόλα του ηλεκτρονικού υπολογιστή, δίνει τη δυνατότητα στο χειρουργό, να παρέμβει με ακρίβεια χιλιοστού, εκμηδενίζοντας τον κίνδυνο να πειραχτούν παράπλευρα σημεία.

Η ρομποτική χειρουργική εφαρμόζεται σε αρκετές περιπτώσεις όπως:

Δίνεται χώρος, σε μια μέθοδο χειρουργικής αποκατάστασης, η οποία δεν είναι διαδεδομένη στο ευρύ κοινό, όπως διαδεδομένα δεν είναι και τα οφέλη αυτής. Παρόλα αυτά, αργά αλλά σταθερά, φαίνεται να ξεπερνιέται  η επικρατούσα άποψη, η οποία θέλει τον χειρουργό να βρίσκεται σκυμμένος πάνω από τον ασθενή, καθ’ όλη τη διάρκεια της επέμβασης. Επιβεβαιώνοντας την σχέση εμπιστοσύνης, μεταξύ γιατρού και ασθενούς, που δημιουργείται στις περισσότερες των περιπτώσεων.

Στη ρομποτική χειρουργική, ο χειρουργός είναι αυτός που ξεκινάει και τελειώνει την επέμβαση. Βρίσκεται συνέχεια στο χώρο του χειρουργείου, ελέγχοντας εξ ολοκλήρου τη διαδικασία και τα στάδια της επέμβασης. Αρκεί να γίνει κατανοητό ότι παρακολουθεί τα πάντα από την οθόνη του υπολογιστή. Κάτι το οποίο είναι προς όφελος τόσο δικό μας, αν αναλογιστεί κανείς ότι η εικόνα σε μεγέθυνση δίνει τη δυνατότητα λεπτομερών κινήσεων, όσο και του ιδίου, καθώς με τον τρόπο αυτό, μπορεί απερίσπαστος να δώσει την δέουσα προσοχή, χωρίς να επιβαρύνεται και από σωματική κούραση.

Φυσικά η χειρουργική ομάδα, η οποία αποτελείται κατά κύριο λόγο, από τους συνεργάτες του επικεφαλής χειρουργού, βρίσκεται παρούσα και πάνω από τον ασθενή, προκειμένου να προλάβει τυχόν επιπλοκές που μπορεί να προκύψουν.

Η ρομποτική χειρουργική, χρησιμοποιείται επιτυχώς από το 1995, όταν και εγκρίθηκε από τον Αμερικανικό Οργανισμό Φαρμάκων. Το πρώτο σύστημα ρομποτικής χειρουργικής, ονομάστηκε daVinci.

Ένα μεγάλο μειονέκτημα και ίσως το μοναδικό, είναι ότι το κόστος του ανέρχεται σε 1,5 εκατομμύρια ευρώ, ενώ το κόστος συντήρησής του σε περίπου 300.000 με 350.000 χιλιάδες ευρώ ετησίως. Ακόμα και σε μη λειτουργία του συστήματος.

Χώρες που έχουν κονδύλια που σχετίζονται με την υγεία, θα πρέπει να μελετήσουν την προοπτική ένταξης ενός τέτοιου συστήματος στα νοσοκομεία τους, λαμβάνοντας υπ όψιν τους, ότι υπάρχουν ήδη 300 περίπου νοσοκομεία παγκοσμίως, που το χρησιμοποιούν με τεράστια ποσοστά επιτυχίας.

Η ρομποτική χειρουργική, αν και μόλις δεκαεπτά ετών, δείχνει ότι είναι το αύριο στην επιστήμη της ιατρικής. Ένα αύριο το οποίο διαγράφεται λαμπρό και ελπιδοφόρο.

Και αν ένα μηχάνημα απρόσωπο, ψυχρό και χωρίς αισθήματα, είναι το απόλυτο τίποτα, στα χέρια ενός καταξιωμένου και σωστά καταρτισμένου επιστήμονα, μπορεί να πάρει ζωή και να γίνει ένα εργαλείο, το οποίο σώζει ζωές. Ας σταματήσουμε λοιπόν να είμαστε δύσπιστοι με καθετί καινούριο και ας καταλάβουμε ότι η τεχνολογία εξελίσσεται, με σκοπό να υπηρετεί εμάς.

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